Three scientists share Nobel prize in physics for work on black holes

Roger Penrose (left), who receives half the prize; and Andrea Ghez and Reinhard Genzel, who share the other half. Composite: UCLA/MPE/EPA

Three scientists have won the 2020 Nobel prize in physics for their work on black hole formation and the discovery of a supermassive black hole at the centre of our galaxy.

Getting to the bottom of the Higgs boson

In high-energy particle collisions we study the smallest known constituents of matter. According to our best knowledge of physics, these constituents have mass only because of the way they interact with a unique quantity which permeates all of space. This quantity, like practically everything else in the strange world of the very small, is a quantum field.

'Giant, shape-shifting stars' spotted near Milky Way's black hole

The Milky Way

Objects raise hopes of scientists managing to track ‘blobs’ being swallowed by black hole
A number of bizarre shape-shifting objects have been discovered close to the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way.
The blobs are thought to be giant stars that spend part of their orbits so close to the black hole that they get stretched out like bubble gum before returning to a compact, roughly spherical form.